What is a Hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus is a build-up of fluid (liquid)in the brain. The excess fluid puts pressure(stress) on the brain, which can damage it. Hydrocephalus is a chronic, neurological condition caused by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within cavities of the brain called ventricles, resulting in pressure on the brain. Hydrocephalus can develop for a number of reasons. Hydrocephalus may be congenital or acquired.
Children and Adolescents

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Swelling of the optic disc or papilledema
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Balance and gait
  • abnormalities
  • Slowing or loss of
  • developmental progress
  • Changes in personality
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Seizures
  • Poor appetite
    Urinary incontinence

Types of hydrocephalus

There are 3 main types of hydrocephalus:

  • congenital hydrocephalus – hydrocephalus that’s present at birth
  • acquired hydrocephalus – hydrocephalus that develops after birth
  • normal pressure hydrocephalus – usually only develops in older people

Symptoms of hydrocephalus

The damage to the brain from hydrocephalus can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:

  • headache
  • being sick
  • blurred vision
  • difficulty walking